Good dental health is about more than caring for your teeth. Another vital area of your mouth that cannot be ignored is your gums. As local Burnaby dental experts know, gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. If you are worried about gum disease, then call your dentist soon and read through the information below on gum disease prevention and treatment.
What is gum disease?
Gum disease occurs when a bacterial infection gets under your gums and causes both painful pressure and red swollen gums, eventually leading to bone decay. There are three stages of gum disease. This first stage is gingivitis, which includes irritated, inflamed, and possibly bleeding gums. The second stage is periodontitis. During this stage, bone and fibers that hold your teeth in place are severely damaged. The third and final stage is advanced periodontitis. At this point, the decay has done irreversible damage to your bone structure and gums. Teeth may fall out or need to be removed. Call your dentist as soon as you see any signs of gingivitis in order to stop the gum disease before it reaches the later stages.
How can you prevent gum disease?
Gum disease can be prevented with regular dental hygiene. Simply brushing and flossing will help cut down on plaque, which is what first causes the gum infection. Removing the plaque is important, as it will eventually cause gum irritation and help in the growth of the bacteria.
What are the treatment options?
Cosmetic dentistry often treats the effects of gum disease, including bone decay and tooth loss, but your dentist can also help treat the earlier stages of gum disease before tooth loss occurs. For mild, early stage gum disease, a thorough cleaning and better daily brushing and flossing habits should help. For advanced gum disease, your dentist may want to cut open your gums to allow the infection to drain.
Are you looking for a local Burnaby dental office to help you care for your teeth and gums? Come by the offices of the North Burnaby Dental Group for excellent dental care. From cosmetic dentistry to full family care, we can help you with your dental needs.